WINERY is a facility that produces wine. Although the word may evoke images of historic buildings surrounded by vineyards in a rural and romantic landscape, most wineries can claim none of these picturesque assets. The word winery on a label is legally part of the brand but should not imply anything other than wine producer.
Wine may be made in either owned or rented premises. Wine may be produced by the brand owner or by a business under contract to the brand owner specifically for wine production. A winery may even strictly operate under contracts not even produce wine under its own brand. Many different configurations and scenarios are possible under the moniker of winery. Sub-categories have been created to identify this differentiation.
To encourage domestic production and promote agritourism, states often simplify applications and require lower fees for qualified farm wineries. The first Farm Winery legislation in the U.S. dates back to the early 1930s, as American Prohibition was ending.
States with some form of Farm Winery legislation include Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. New York probably has the most progressive Farm Winery statutes, which includes a consolidated license for a micro-winery and branch or satellite tasting rooms, simplified reporting requirements for both direct shipping and participation in charitable events, and provision for custom crushing. Although they make no specific reference to "farm winery", Oklahoma has modernized their domestic winery laws, primarily regarding sales and distribution.